It is often heard from everyone about Chakma Rani Kalindi that the Chakma nation has lost its state due to Chakma Rani Kalindi.

The whole Chakma nation is burning in the flames of his mistake. Here is a brief discussion of the common ground against Queen Kalindi.

Chakma Rani Kalindi

When we talk about the heroism of the majestic women of the subcontinent during the British rule or their contribution to the society, we see the words of Nawab Faizunnesa and Begum Rokeya.

But even before they were born, who knows about another majestic woman in our Chittagong Hill Tracts! Kalabi Chakma was born in the early nineteenth century in an ordinary Chakma Jumia family of Kudukchhari in a remote hilly area without roads.

Later, she got married to Chakma king Dharam Box Khan and became known as 'Kalindi Rani'.

Growing up in an ordinary family, he was self-educated and was able to adapt to the royal family with his wisdom.

Queen Kalindi was not only wise in material intelligence or political and diplomatic foresight, but also in various social and religious fields.

He established the present Mahamuni Buddhist Temple at Rajanagar in Chittagong (Bangla 1273) to firmly establish and propagate Buddhism. He introduced the ‘Mahamuni Mela’ every year around this temple, which is still celebrated as a festival.

He also played an important role in the publication of 'Buddhist Ranjika' at that time. Moreover, he had immense respect and devotion towards Hindu and Muslim religions.

In the then capital Rajanagar, he arranged for the construction of temples for Hindus and mosques for Muslims from the treasury.

Therefore, he was equally acceptable and respected by the Hindus and Muslims as well as the hill tribes.

When the Chakma king Dharam Box Kha died in 1832 after a reign of 20 years, the English company gave the throne to Menka alias Chikanbi, the only daughter of the third queen, as the heir of the childless king.

But due to the objection of the first queen Kalindi, the decision was postponed and Shuklal Dewan was appointed as the manager of the state by the English company.

Meanwhile, in 1837, Queen Kalindi took a state lease from the English Company for two years.

Later, after many legal setbacks, the English company declared the Kalindi queen as the heir to all her husband's property in 1844.

Originally, the Kalindi queen officially inherited the state in 1844, but she started ruling the state from 1832 after the death of Raja Dharam Box Khan.

Queen Kalindi ruled the state from 1844 to 173 for almost three decades.

The reign of Rani Kalindi was one of the most important in the history of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. During his tenure the British Company established direct dominion over the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Until 1860, the British ruled the remote hilly region from Chittagong. As a result, there was no direct British rule in the region.

Although some superintendents were temporarily appointed for the Chittagong Hill Tracts after 1861, Captain T. H. Luin emerged as a regular ruler.

After taking charge, Captain Luin shifted the administrative headquarters from Chandraghona to Rangamati on 1 January 1869. Captain Lewin's main objective was to extend the permanent rights and dominance of the British in the new kingdom.

Rani Kalindi, on the other hand, was a staunch opponent. So soon the quarrel between the veteran strategist Luin and the brilliant queen Kalindi became clear.

Captain Lewin was suspicious of the Queen from the very beginning. According to Captain Lewin, how is it possible for an uneducated widow to run the state? But Rani Kalindi was intelligent, devoted, good-natured and hospitable.

As a result, these qualities kept him much safer and more secure in the field of state governance. Besides, at that time there was no rival dewan or sardar in the state who would sit on the throne and rule safely.

Because at that time the dewans or sarddars were engaged in quarrels among themselves over dominance.

The cunning and cunning Luin often tried to humiliate and humiliate Queen Kalindi's mother in various ways. To this end, one of the valleys in the hill country was tempted by the powerful Dewans to make a permanent settlement.

This would have lost about half of the Chakma kingdom to the queen. But none of the dewans agreed to the proposal, acknowledging allegiance to the queen.


When Captain Lewin saw that his intention was unsuccessful, he submitted a report to the provincial governor, proposing to divide the Chakma kingdom into two, citing the convenience of governing the Chakma kingdom.

On the basis of this report, on September 1st  1881, the English Company divided the Chittagong Hill Tracts into three circles (Chakma, Bomang and Mong Circle).

Captain Lewin tried to injure Queen Kalindi in various ways, but when he could not bring her down in any way, he tried to humiliate her socially by offering to meet her.

Because at that time the social system was very conservative. Women were more veiled and introverted. To take advantage of the Queen's weakness, Captain Lewin proposed a direct meeting with the Queen.

But Queen Luin's proposal was not accepted, so Luin became more angry and with a few hundred soldiers arrived at the then capital Rangunia and tried to attack the Chakma palace.

But all the local subjects, regardless of Hindu-Muslim, Chakma, resisted Captain Luin and pushed him back. Due to the non-communal attitude of the Chakma queen, her acceptance by all, irrespective of the hill-Bengalis, was incomparable.

Despite the Queen's generosity and generosity and the respect and love of the people, she ruled the kingdom resolutely despite hundreds of conspiracies.

Rani Kalindi ruled the state by ascending the throne, breaking the long patriarchal continuity of the Chakma royal family.

He was at once self-taught, devoted and humble. Rani Kalindi, who ruled the state for three decades, has proved that women are capable of keeping their talents and abilities at the top of power.

The torch of awakening that Rani Kalindi has lit in the remote hills of the Chittagong Hill Tracts for women's leadership and women's rights is still burning today.

However, from the time of Kalindi Rani till today, the place of empowerment and leadership of hill women has remained narrow.

She was extremely splendid and brilliant, and her glorious history, like that of the famous Rajput women, was dearer to her than the kingdom or even her life.

For this reason, the then Deputy Commissioner, Captain Luin, could not meet with him. In it, Captain Luin became very angry with the Queen and went on to preach the downfall of the Chakma kingdom.

This means the formation of huge reserves, many income tax taxes on the Karnafuli river, khaskar by the government, etc. Captain Luin's act of revenge.

1873 AD (1235 Maghi 1280 Bengali) 15 Ashwin, Mahiyasi This woman died of rheumatism at Rajnagar Rajprasad in Rangunia.